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This is the first edition of Chace's Map of Rockingham Co. New Hampshire From Actual Surveys  drawn at a large scale to permit labeling individual homes, stores, factories and other locations of note. Surrounding the perimeter of the map and joined by decorative bands are 13 pictorial vignettes and two tables. There is a large inset map of Portsmouth City (18 ½" x 12") that includes the Kittery Navy Yard and a large inset map of Exeter Village (15 ½" x 10 ¼") as well as smaller inset maps of each town center in Rockingham County. The town borders are outlined in color and each town is in a contrasting color. There is a table of distances and a Portsmouth City Directory that includes the U.S. Navy based there. Off shore the Isle of Shoals are shown, as is the Kittery (Maine) Naval Yard. Altogether, this is a visually complex and information rich map of Rockingham County, New Hampshire at mid-19th century.

The pictorial vignettes illustrate Rockingham County's important schools, including Phillips Academy at Exeter. There are views of the Exeter Court House and Town Hall. Governor Weare's Monument is shown with admirers at its foot and nearby Rockingham Academy. The resort destinations are shown as well, including Ocean House at Rye Beach with a scene of the U.S. flag being either taken down or raised on the  hotel roof, a line of soldiers standing at attention and visitors on horseback crisscrossing the grounds.  The Atlantic House and the Cottage Boarding House at Rye Beach are shown, where a woman riding sidesaddle on a rearing horse, strolling guests and a roof top flag blowing in the breeze portray an active vacation scene.  A scene of typical city life shows a team of oxen pulling a wagon laden with wooden barrels past the formal home of Aaron Coffin, who may be the figure sitting in top hat on the porch.  Industry is represented by a vignette of the Swamscot Machine and South New Market Iron Foundry Cos. Buildings in a bird's eye view from across the Exeter River. The city doctor's residence of William Merrill, M.D. is pictured. Railroads serving the county in 1857 are drawn, the Boston and Main and the Portsmouth and Concord Rail Roads.

This 1857 wall map of Rockingham County from actual surveys offered a contemporary  viewer a pictorial directory. Today this wall map is a historically rich document and a work of art.

Cobb:_239

Frederick Douglass (1817-1895) was born a slave in Maryland, escaped to New Bedford, Massachusetts in 1836 and began his career as an abolitionist in 1841 with a speech delivered at an abolitionist convention in Nantucket, Massachusetts.  Douglass' first abolitionist newspaper was The North Star commencing December, 1847 in Rochester, New York.  Between 1851 and 1858 Douglass had editorial control over a larger merged paper. In  1858 Douglass began Douglass' Monthly, a paper concerned exclusively with abolition of slavery in America.

This rare November, 1860 issue of Douglass' Monthly, Vol.III, No. VI is in its original uncut state with sixteen (16) pages of text. This issue was published on the eve of the U.S. presidential election with Abraham Lincoln the Republican Party candidate.  For Douglass, twenty years of work to end slavery rested on the outcome of this election. November, 1860 was a pivotal moment in American history.

The likely original owner of this paper is George W. Putnam, of Lynn, Massachusetts, active member and officer of the Massachusetts Abolitionist Society. "From George W. Putnam" is written on the front cover. What is logically a later ink manuscript inscription "Groton Historical Society from Miss Laura Putnam 1896" establishes the next owner.  This issue of Douglass' Monthly was purchased at auction where immediate provenance was described by the auctioneer as the historical society.

There is curiously in the left margin of p. 368 of this paper a simple drawing of a pointing hand.  After reading p. 368, the object of the pointing hand becomes clear:  "[For Douglass' Monthly.] THE SACRIFICE. 'UP! FOR IT IS TIME.' by George W. Putnam".  This is George W. Putnam's abolitionist poem! Perhaps in a moment of author's pride Putnam took his pencil and drew the pointing hand. George W. Putnam was an active abolitionist speaker and writer.  His name appears in the list of speakers in Old Slavery Days: Proceedings of the Commemorative Meeting Held By the Danvers Historical Society, April 26, 1893, Danvers Historical Society, Danvers, Massachusetts 1893. George W. Putnam is also noted as the author of four abolitionist poems in American Anti Slavery Songs, A Collection and Analysis . Vicki Lynn Eaklor, Greenwood Press, 1988.

This rare newspaper provides an unequaled insight into the abolitionist movement in America days before the election of Abraham Lincoln.

There are articles that address the core issues of the American antislavery movement, that illustrate the movement's internal conflicts immediately prior to the American Civil War and that report on the work of Canadian and English supporters of the abolition of slavery working in concert with Frederick Douglass. [The table of contents is shown below as it appeared in the paper.] Douglass himself writes on the first page about the political conflict developing between two important antislavery advocates and lectures them that the primary goal is to abolish American slavery and their other conflicts must be put aside.  Douglass reiterates that the American Christian church establishment is a foundation of slavery in America. An article on the recent Political Abolitionist Convention in Worcester, Massachusetts covers the debate over whether to form a political party devoted to the abolition of slavery and nominate a presidential ticket rather than supporting the Republican Party and its compromises on slavery. The Worcester Convention coverage also includes the bitter repartie between two members on topics such as reparations to freed slaves, the merits of permitting other parts of the country to secede rather than engage in a civil war and the merits of educating the American voting public to outlaw American slavery versus recourse to a civil war for that end. 

One of the most politically prescient articles and one that resonates today is the published letter of Sophia G. Croft, Douglass' correspondent in England.  She writes on the eve of the upcoming American presidential election.

 "Many on this side of the ocean are looking with intense anxiety to the Presidential election and its results. Of Abraham Lincoln we seem to have heard nothing until recently, and can but trust that, if successful, he may prove to have more anti-slavery principle than some of us give him credit for. Your sketch of the several Presidential candidates almost makes me hopeless for the future of the American people since (as you have so frequently said) we must judge of a people from the character of the men they delight to honor. Still, whoever be the commanders of the various armies in the field, it is clear that the coming battle will be one between SLAVERY and FREEDOM-..."

This issue of Douglass' Monthly captures the high stakes and uncertainty that ushered Abraham Lincoln into the White House and reminds us that the eyes of the world have for some time looked with disbelief and concern at American politics.

"Contents of this issue:

New Trouble Brewing Between Old Friends

The Political Abolition Convention in Worcester, Mass.

Jerry Celebration for 1860

The American Church and Clergy the Bulwark of American Slavery

William L. Yancey at Corinthian Hall

What is the Duty of Radical Abolitionists in the Present Campaign?

Hayti and Colored Emigration

Letters from the Old World

Christianity and Color

Negro Insurrection

The 'Free Negro" in Maryland

The Sacrifice *

Advertisements, Obituary Notices, Etc."

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

*/ poem written by George W. Putnam, owner of this newspaper

This is the first edition of Chace's survey of Rockingham County drawn from actual surveys at a large scale to permit labeling individual homes, stores, factories and other locations of note. Surrounding the perimeter of the map and joined by decorative bands are 13 pictorial vignettes and two tables. There is a large inset map of Portsmouth City (18 ½" x 12") that includes the Kittery Navy Yard and a large inset map of Exeter Village (15 ½" x 10 ¼") as well as smaller inset maps of each town center in Rockingham County. The town borders are outlined in color and each town is in a contrasting color. There is a table of distances and a Portsmouth City Directory that includes the U.S. Navy based there. Off shore the Isle of Shoals are shown, as is the Kittery (Maine) Naval Yard. Altogether, this is a visually complex and information rich map of Rockingham County, New Hampshire at mid-19th century.

The pictorial vignettes illustrate Rockingham County's important schools, including Phillips Academy at Exeter. There are views of the Exeter Court House and Town Hall. Governor Weare's Monument is shown with admirers at its foot and nearby Rockingham Academy. The resort destinations are shown as well, including Ocean House at Rye Beach with a scene of the U.S. flag being either taken down or raised on the  hotel roof, a line of soldiers standing at attention and visitors on horseback crisscrossing the grounds.  The Atlantic House and the Cottage Boarding House at Rye Beach are shown, where a woman riding sidesaddle on a rearing horse, strolling guests and a roof top flag blowing in the breeze portray an active vacation scene.  A scene of typical city life shows a team of oxen pulling a wagon laden with wooden barrels past the formal home of Aaron Coffin, who may be the figure sitting in top hat on the porch.  Industry is represented by a vignette of the Swamscot Machine and South New Market Iron Foundry Cos. Buildings in a bird's eye view from across the Exeter River. The city doctor's residence of William Merrill, M.D. is pictured. Railroads serving the county in 1857 are drawn, the Boston and Main and the Portsmouth and Concord Rail Roads.

This 1857 wall map of Rockingham County from actual surveys offered a contemporary  viewer a pictorial directory. Today this wall map is a historically rich document and a work of art.

Cobb:_239

      This colorful bird's eye view of the New England coast from Boston Harbor to Portland, Maine shows the various kinds of train and steamship line connections for summer tourists wishing to reach their vacation  destinations in Maine. The map key explains that the transit routes are for the Atlantic Shore Line Railway, a Maine electric street car of sorts, the steam railway line of the B&M R.R. and the Southern Maine Steamship Line with connections to the Atlantic Shore Line Railway.

      The landscape and topography from Boston Harbor and north to other towns in Massachusetts and in Portsmouth, New Hampshire to Maine are shown in a pictorial style characteristic of bird's eye views that invite the viewer into the scene. We see some of the city buildings in Boston and the town centers of Newburyport and Amesbury, among others. Ogunquit is highlighted with its long sandy beach north to Wells, Maine. Small ships are drawn along the steamship route from Boston Harbor to Portsmouth, New Hampshire and up to Cape Porpoise in Maine.  Other connecting electric lines from Hampton Beach in New Hampshire make a loop to Exeter, New Hampshire. A connecting electric line runs from Saco to Portland.

    This piece is not dated. It can be dated within the range of operation of the Shore Line Route that was turn of the 19th century into the early 20th century. I have found no published examples of this bird's eye view of the Shore Line Route.